Best exercise for recovery horses, balance, bending, core strength, Exercises, rounding

Best Exercises for Recovering Horses

When your horse is recovering from an injury, it can be a long road to full recovery. It’s crucial to remember that baby steps are key, as is regular treatment with Leg Saver’s waveform therapy designed to speed up the healing process.

Here are three type of training exercises you can do with your horse recovering from injury to help re-stabilize his spine and limbs through engaging specific muscles. Rehabilitation exercises are meant to improve muscle function, athletic performance, and most importantly; reduce risk of future injury and back problems.

Recovery Exercise #1: Mobilization

When completing these exercises with your horse, ensure he is well-balanced, even standing against a wall for support. Start with small movements, hold, and repeat the session 3 – 5 times daily.

Rounding

Use your choice of bait, perhaps a healthy crunchy carrot, to entice your horse to flex his neck. He must stay straight as he bends chin to chest, chin to knees, and chin to fetlocks.

Bending

Bend chin to girth and chin to flank. Engage the horse’s pelvic and abdominal muscles by getting your horse to bend his chin to hind fetlocks, as well.

Extension

Encourage your horse to stretch his neck as far as possible after rounding and bending.

Recovery Exercise #2: Core Strengthening

Before you exercise your horse, begin with these two motions:

First, apply upward pressure starting between the chest muscles. Then, slide your finger slowly back along the horse’s chest muscles, lifting the shoulder blades and the back. Second, apply firm pressure at the top of the spine, and move forward with pressure until you reach the bottom.

Recovery Exercise #3: Balance:

Repeat these balancing exercises 3 times daily:

  • Activate the muscles which support the chest by applying pressure to the middle of your horse’s chest, causing him to rock backward.
  • Activate the pelvic muscles that help balance your horse by gently pulling the horse’s tail to one side, then the other.
  • Activate fore- and hind-limb muscles by lifting one limb at a time while pushing gently on your horse’s shoulder or chest to rock his weight slightly.

It’s always best to consult with a trained physiotherapist before starting any exercise program with your horse. Take your horse’s cues when it comes to what they’re ready for, otherwise you could re-injure him. It’s important to keep an eye on your horse’s diet during this time, as eating habits are another sign of health. For more on how Leg Saver can help speed up recovery time during this process,


Resources:

http://www.thehorse.com/articles/34482/rehabilitation-exercises-from-the-ground

http://www.thehorse.com/articles/36459/rehabilitating-sport-horses

Horse Calming Supplements, Horse And Calming Supplements

Horse And Calming Supplements

Horse Calming Supplements Promotes a relaxed and content equine temperament. This won’t solely profit the well-being of your bangtail however it can promote contentment, consolatory you within the information that your horse is relaxed and after happier. while some horses are naturally additional susceptible to suffer restlessness and agitation, others exhibit such behaviours as a results of situational factors willnot|that can’t} essentially be controlled. However, the thoughtful administration of dietary supplements can benefit your horse’s mentality and cut back symptoms of stress and ill-health. The VioVet vary of product includes non-drowsy pill and liquid formulations to supplement regular feed, treatments for stable bedding and therapeutic ointments for massaging and de-stressing your horse.

Horse Calming Supplements

Calming supplement ingredients that employment and things to think about before selecting or administering a product
You’ve spent vital time coaching and making ready your horse for a clinic or competition, solely to induce there and have him behave poorly. He’s excitable and unfocused and spooks at things that ne’er fazed him at home.

will this situation sound familiar? I had it happen with my Thoroughbred male horse Duke. we tend to had a well known trainer running a multiday clinic at the barn wherever I boarded. despite the fact that I had been out of city for a we tend toek, i actually wished to ride. however once I walked Duke into the ring—an arena we trained in daily—he started acting “squirrelly.” we tend to tried to figure through it but concluded up swing him back in his stall for the day. ensuing day we tried again, and he was great. Still a bit “up” but listening and responding to my cues. For Duke, it simply appeared he needed to be within the scenario a second time to appreciate everything was okay.

In things appreciate this, you may raise what you’ll do to stay your horse from being therefore nervous. One choice many homeowners reach for may be a calming supplement. These don’t seem to be chemical tranquilizers however, rather, product designed to assist horses retain focus. Sue McDonnell, PhD, Cert. AAB, initiation head of the Equine Behavior Program at the University of Pennsylvania college of Veterinary Medicine, in Kennett Square, says she generally gets multiple calls every week from veterinarians searching for calmative recommendations. The horses are most typically “stallbound basketball shot patients,” she says, but calming supplements could be helpful “in a range of scenarios, appreciate coaching or show situations, health care procedure difficulties or aversions, loading and trailering worries, anxious breeding stallions, separation stress, commutation stress, stereotypies, and more.”

Pinpointing Issues

Before reaching for a quick-fix calming supplement in one amongst these situations, however, begin by evaluating your nervous horse and his environment. as a result of horses are “fight or flight” animals, they usually fall back on these instincts once baby-faced with disagreeable scenarios. they’re basically hard-wired to do to escape from new circumstances or conditions on the far side their traditional routines. When they can’t escape they usually categorical their nervous energy in less-than-desirable ways.

Calming Supplements For Horses

As horse house owners, we are able to try and notice shops for this energy. this might be as easy as permitting extra turnout time or longeing a horse before riding. In addition, exposing horses to a range of things can facilitate desensitize them to and become additional acceptive of latest circumstances. If you wish help, think about operating with an veteran trainer. These professionals can help horses overcome nervousness and provides owners and riders coaching and management recommendations.

McDonnell says it’s also vital to guage the horse’s health to create certain a medical reason isn’t behind his behavior, as a result of conditions appreciate viscus ulcers will result in behavior issues. Horses that are in pain because of injury may additionally exhibit negative behaviors.

Evaluating a horse’s diet before adding a relaxing supplement is additionally terribly important, because many dietary elements can have an effect on behavior. Imbalances and deficiencies in some nutrients can contribute to behavior disorders. In these cases a calming supplement that contains one amongst these nutrients would possibly help. Work with an equine dietitian to assess your horse’s diet and verify whether or not dietary excesses or deficiencies are inflicting behavior problems. What follows are a number of the additional common and effective natural calming additives on the market. the primary 3 are designed to handle sure deficiencies, whereas the latter four are merely useful additives.

Equistro Haemolytan For Horses

Equistro® Haemolytan | Equistro

Nutritionary Value:
The trace parts contained in HAEMOLYTAN four hundred are within the without delay bioavailable organic advanced variety of IPALIGO®. increased demands on a horse‘s metabolic necessities from physical activity, physiological state or birth are often supplemented quickly and simply with HAEMOLYTAN 400.

Usage:
HAEMOLYTAN four hundred use is suggested within the following situations: • Sports horse : – Drop or irregularity in performance – throughout intense coaching and competition programmes • throughout convalescent amount or in a very poor physical state • Horses destined for stud : stallions with an important covering programme or broodmares in the last third of gestation

Suggested Administration:

Adult horses Daily programme Weekly program normal sized horses (500 kg) ten to fifteen cubic centimeter per day twenty ml two to three times per week.
Lightweight horses/ponies/foals 5 to 10 ml per day fifteen cubic centimeter two to three times per week because of the presence of trace parts with most set limits, administration should not exceed 120ml/500kg horse/day. Vetoquinol advocates the respect of native and international rules for competition and horse racing.

TRM sensible as Gold – 1.5 metric weight unit

TRM sensible as Gold ought to be additional to the traditional feed ration. This product will profit nervous, hot or high set up horses. Contains B nourishments, essential amino acid and Vitamin E.

Pre Competition: 50g per day, 3 to four days before competition disagreeable Situations: 50g per day. Maintenance: 25g per day.

Omega Alpha Chill – four L Promotes and Enhances Relaxed Behaviour. Supports and Maintains traditional Disposition. Chill may be a calming formula that’s developed with documented botanicals employed in traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic herbalism. it’s wont to calm excitable horses, particularly those with pre-performance jitters.

Promotes and enhances relaxed behaviour Helps focus the mind on the task at hand doesn’t build the horse sleepyheaded or goosey won’t negatively have an effect on performance may be used for horses with trailer fright, behavioral problems, stall rest or for separation anxiety

Equine Horses In Winter , Best equine calming supplements

Equine Horses In Winter

Just as human sense the unbarable bloodless in iciness, so do Equine Horses receives very bloodless at some point of iciness and the way we take automobile of them may be very vital Some Scientific Nutritional Products at iciness feeding offers horse proprietors a supporting hand with lots of suggestions and recommendation to get thru the chillier time and make sure their equines keep superior fitness and wellbeing. During the iciness our horses and ponies require extra precise care, specifically at some point of freezing situations so that it will keep their fitness and properly-being. It is vitally vital that your equine remains each heat and nourished so that it will permit him to experience the iciness months.

Top Tips for Winter Feeding from Scientific Nutritional Products

1.) Provide Ad Lib Forage. During the iciness months grazing is decreased along it additionally turning into depreciated in dietary value. It is crucial to offer enough hay or haylage as an opportunity to grass now no longer to say constantly providing hay or haylage withinside the subject while the floor is blanketed via way of means of frost of snow. Including critical fibre maintains the intestine healthful and cell and as the pony digests fibre the fermentation method of the roughage actually warms him up from the internal out!

Haygain UK | How horses adapt to the Winter Season

2.) Supply a Vitamins and Minerals Supplement. Due to the lower of dietary content material withinside the forage we must offer to our equines in iciness time it may be particularly useful to deliver a Horse Vitamin and Mineral complement of their diet. Provide critical micronutrients with Equine Horse and Pony Multivitamin Supplement or Competition Horse Supplement from Scientific Nutritional Products.

3.) Keep the burden and the rug on! Ensure your equine is adequately rugged so that it will ensure he doesn’t lose energy, energy and weight so that it will maintain heat. This is in particular vital in case your horse has been clipped, dropping his herbal defences to bloodless climate.

4.) Maintain Access to Water. The on-line domestic of equine and dog dietary supplements In bloodless climate our water tanks and troughs are prone to freezing. Upon achieving the backyard this need to be the primary factor horse proprietors test because the water supply can also additionally had been inaccessible to equines for some of hours if there was a tough frost over night. Break the ice and strive including warm water wherein viable for your horse’s consuming water earlier than leaving the stables withinside the night so that it will maintain is from freezing.

5.) Keep Joints Healthy Just like us in bloodless climate our equine’s joints frequently go through greater at some point of bloodless climate and our horses and ponies frequently show an accelerated stage of stiffness of their movement. Joint Right Supreme from Scientific Nutritional Product incorporates superior degrees of Glucosamine for Horses, Chondroitin, MSM, Green Lipped Mussel and Omega three to sell healthful cell joints! Find out greater approximately the dietary supplements noted on this weblog and visit! As properly as production a number Horse Supplements we are able to manufature a Dog Joint Supplement, Glucosamine for Dogs, Canine Joint Right.

Amino Acids For Exercising Horses, The Benefits Of Branched Chain Amino Acids For Exercising Horses

The Benefits Of Branched Chain Amino Acids For Exercising Horses

Background: Protein vs. Branched Chain Amino Acids:

Many people tend to think of protein as one substance — like one ingredient needed in our horses’ (or our own) diets. But that’s actually not the case.

There are many different types of proteins, each with a specific role to play in the body. Some proteins are structural parts, giving cells their shape or helping them move. Other proteins act as signals, communicating with different cells. Still other proteins aid in metabolism.

However, one thing all proteins have in common is their basic structural parts: amino acids. Each protein is made up of one or more chains of amino acids (known as polypeptides), and there are twenty types of amino acids in all.

Of the nineteen amino acids needed for normal adult bodily function (one is only required in infants), eight are considered essential amino acids. This means they must be consumed in the diet. The remaining eleven are known as non-essential amino acids, which is actually somewhat of a misnomer because they still play essential roles. But since these amino acids are synthesized by the body, they are not essential in the diet.

While good pasture and/or hay usually meet leisure horses’ protein requirements, hard-working horses can often benefit from added protein, specifically in the form of branched chain amino acids (B.C.A.A.’s). Named for their unique chemical structure, the B.C.A.A.’s include three of the essential amino acids: (L-) isoleucine, (L-) leucine, and (L-) valine.

How Branched Chain Amino Acids Work

B.C.A.A.’s work by aiding in the growth and repair of hard-working muscles, as opposed to allowing muscles to use existing protein which can lead to catabolism (muscle break-down). These amino acids increase protein synthesis, which helps to add more muscle. At the same time, B.C.A.A.’s reduce the rate of protein breakdown by decreasing the activity of the protein breakdown pathway and also decreasing the expression of several complexes involved in protein breakdown.

B.C.A.A. Benefits for Exercising Horses:

  • Provide support for muscle growth
  • May help horses maintain top speed longer
  • Support muscle preservation during intense activity
  • Support reduced muscle breakdown
  • Support recovery after strenuous activity

Supplemental B.C.A.A. Complex from Peak Performance Nutrients

Our B.C.A.A. Complex can be fed daily to improve attitude and aid in muscle growth and recovery. It can also be administered for three days prior to an event to support a more alert, energetic horse and to help your horse maintain top speed for a longer amount of time. The product comes in either powder or convenient paste form.

Whether you have race horses or compete in speed events, three-day eventing, or endurance rides, your horse may very well benefit from receiving additional protein supplementation in the form of B.C.A.A’s.

Sources:

Equine Protein Requirements

Introduction to Proteins and Amino Acids

BCAAs: The Many Benefits Of Branched-Chain Amino Acid Supplements

Best Electrotyte Balance For Horses, Electrotyte Balance

Electrotyte Balance For Horses

It doesn’t matter whether your horse is a top-performing athlete, a trail horse out on a weekend ride, or a Cushing’s horse whose coat hasn’t fully shed even though it’s summer, if your horse is sweating more than normal, his electrolyte balance could very well be affected, and supplementation is likely necessary.

Electrolytes Explained 

Electrolytes include the minerals sodium (Na), chloride (Cl), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg), and Calcium (Ca). In solid form, these minerals bond into salts (sodium chloride, for example), but when dissolved in water, they break down into individual ions which carry either a positive or negative charge.

The charges carried by electrolytes allow them to conduct electricity and assist in electrochemical processes in the body such as regulating heartbeat, muscle contraction, and even digestion. They also help to move fluids in and out of cells and aid in nutrient absorption. Without electrolytes, water cannot be properly retained and utilized by the body.

However, the key with electrolytes is balance. Horses naturally lose electrolytes through sweating, urine, and feces, but they gain them by consuming grass, hay, and/or feed. The exceptions are sodium and chloride, which should always be provided in the form of plain white salt (loose or in block form).

Hard-working horses who sweat for a prolonged period of time can have high levels of electrolyte losses, however. For these horses, supplementation is crucial. If electrolyte levels become unbalanced or depleted, cell function in the muscles, gut, and heart will slow or possibly shut down.

After a period of prolonged sweating, electrolytes should be supplemented for several days to make up for losses. If you plan to go on a weekend trail ride or horse show during hot weather, you can also start supplementing electrolytes several days in advance and then continue giving them throughout the event.

By the same token, not all horses need electrolyte supplementation. Horses living in cooler climates who don’t sweat regularly likely won’t. As stated above, balance is what’s most important!

Types of Electrolyte Supplements

One thing to keep in mind is that not all electrolyte supplements are created equal. Many contain sugar and other fillers, which aren’t desirable—especially for horses with insulin resistance, Cushing’s, or other metabolic conditions.

Peak Performance Nutrients, Inc. carries both paste and powder electrolytes which are made with high-quality, food-grade ingredients.

Our electrolytes contain:

 Concentrated chloride levels;

 Chelated minerals for improved absorption; and

 No sugar, fillers, dextrose, or sodium bicarbonate.

Bottom Line

It’s important to understand not only what electrolytes are, but which horses can benefit from supplementation. When choosing an electrolyte supplement for your horse, always look at the ingredients to ensure you’re getting a quality product which will provide minerals without the added sugar.

Sources

When Your Horse Needs Electrolytes

Horse Health Week: Why Electrolytes are Vital for Healthy Horses

Electrolyte Basics

Turmeric Aid For Horses, Turmeric and horses

Turmeric For Horses

Turmeric Aid For Horses. You may have heard of turmeric (curcuma longa), a culinary spice often used to season Indian dishes. However, turmeric is also gaining popularity as a nutritional supplement for humans and animals alike. In truth, turmeric has been used medicinally for years in both ayurvedic and Chinese cultures, but it seems people in the West are just now catching on.

Many people take turmeric supplements for arthritis or other inflammatory conditions, and the purpose is very much the same when feeding turmeric to horses. Turmeric Aid For Horses

Additionally, Turmeric Aid For Horses has been shown to support:

  • Increased gastric wall mucus production, which helps protect and support normal stomach lining;
  • Healthy immune and respiratory system function;
  • Treatment of skin conditions.

When searching for a turmeric supplement, you may see it labeled as curcumin. This is the active ingredient in turmeric which gives the spice its bright yellow pigment and has also been associated with turmeric’s therapeutic effects. More specifically, curcumin is believed to contain antioxidant (neutralizing damaging free radicals), and anti-inflammatory properties.

Since performance horses commonly suffer from some degree of inflammation in the joints or soft tissue, turmeric may be a good option to support healthy cartilage, synovial fluid in the joints, and pain management.

You can find turmeric in bulk in most health food stores as well as many online locations, but unfortunately, turmeric, alone, has poor bioavailability. Another potential problem is that natural turmeric only contains about 3% curcumin, which is the component with the most health benefits. Turmeric Aid For Horses

There is some good news though: It’s been found that feeding Omega 3 fatty acids in conjunction with turmeric can dramatically increase its absorption, and adding piperine, an extract of black pepper, appears to further increase the bioavailability of curcumin. It’s believed that piperine affects certain digestive enzymes, allowing more time for the curcumin to be absorbed by the body.

At Peak Performance Nutrients, we carry a unique equine turmeric product called TumeriGOLD. This product uses a highly concentrated, extracted form of turmeric and includes Omega 3 fatty acids, as well as Bioperene® standardized piperine black pepper extract.

While other turmeric products often only provide 1% curcumin, fifteen grams of TumeriGOLD is all that’s needed to ensure your horse will receive the full, therapeutic benefits of curcumin.

Best Calming suplements for horses, Equine race horse calming supplement, calming supplements for pet

Calming Supplements For Horses

Just like humans , horses as well has nutrition that keeps them calm. Supplements to calm your horse? While it may sound too good to be true, there are, indeed, certain nutrients which have been known to improve a horse’s “attitude”. We bring you Best Calming Supplements For Horses

Best Calming Supplements For Horses. However, before giving any type of calming supplement, it’s important to rule out other issues that could be negatively affecting your horse’s behavior. Ulcers, subtle lameness, or dental problems, among other things, could be to blame. Likewise, a horse working on an empty stomach is more likely to have behavioral issues—so ensure that forage is always offered before work.

But if other problems have been ruled out, a calming supplement may very well benefit your high-strung horse. Let’s take a look at some commonly used ingredients in Best Calming Supplements For Horses:

Magnesium
Many horses are magnesium deficient and can benefit from supplementation. Magnesium is actually one of the most important nutrients needed by the body as it regulates over 325 enzymes and increases oxygen delivery to muscle tissue. Additionally, magnesium activates enzymes needed for carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism. This mineral is well-known for its ability to relax muscles and have an overall calming effect on horses.

B Vitamins
B vitamins may also play an important role in reducing stress. Horses can generate the majority of their own B vitamins, which occur as micro-organisms in the hind gut, but there is some evidence showing that additional supplementation can benefit horses during high stress situations or extreme exertion, such as that experienced with endurance riding or racing.

Let’s take a look at some specific B-vitamins and their functions Of Best Calming Supplements For Horses:

  • Thiamine (B-1): Thiamine aids in transmitting nerve impulses. Feeding higher levels of this B vitamin is thought to have a calming effect on nervous horses.
  • Riboflavin (B-2): Like magnesium, this B vitamin is crucial for carbohydrate and protein metabolism. It also plays an important role in the function of the nervous system.
  • Niacin (B-3): B-3 is also essential for the metabolism of fats, protein, and carbohydrates. Additionally, it helps to increase blood flow in the extremities.
  • Pyridoxine (B-6): B-6 is essential for protein metabolism, energy production, and maintaining a healthy nervous system.
  • Folic Acid (B-9): Folic acid helps to produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, essential for a healthy circulatory system.

Herbs
A number of herbs are also known to have calming properties, but the drawback is that they may have an over-tranquilizing effect, interact with other medications, or have possible unwanted side effects. Chamomile, valerian, black cohosh, ginger root, and passion flower are a few examples. Additionally, some herbs will show up on drug testing.

At Peak Performance Nutrients, we carry several calming supplements such as Ex Stress, an all-natural, herb-free formula which can help your horse handle the stress of travel and competition. This product is available as a powder, pellet, or event-day paste. Out of 30 calming supplements tested, Horse Journal picked Ex Stress as the overall best choice.

Best Calming Supplements For Horses, We also have two multi-use vitamin, mineral and amino acid formulas for race horses: Pro V.M. and Pro V.M. with EFA’s. These two products include magnesium as well as several B vitamins and may have a positive effect on behavior.

Herbs For Equine Horse Lung ,Equine Horse Lung Supplement, Equine horse, respiratory cloud of a horse

Equine Horse Lung Support

When it comes to Equine Horses, most people associate Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) with racehorses, but the condition can, in fact, occur with nearly any type of performance horse.

In Equine Horses EIPH occurs when blood vessels in the lung break as a result of intense exercise. Usually, only small blood vessels are involved. The blood enters the airways and moves up the trachea (windpipe), where in most cases, it’s swallowed and never seen. However, in a smaller number of cases, larger blood vessels rupture, and the amount of blood is too much for the horse to swallow. This causes blood to appear in the nostrils (epistaxis), and this form of EIPH is more serious.

Researchers believe EIPH may have a number of causes, ranging from increased blood pressure during exercise to respiratory disease or even heart problems in Equine Horses.

 According to research, EIPH affects between 40-80% of all Equine Horses racehorses (though some sources say nearly all racehorses experience EIPH), 45% of barrel horses, 30% of polo ponies, and 13% of eventers. In most cases, the incidence and severity of EIPH increases with age.

 While mild bleeding likely has little to no effect on performance, moderate to severe EIPH will negatively impact performance. Repeated episodes of EIPH cause scarring and irreversible damage to the lungs, so identifying and treating the condition early on is crucial.

 Chinese Herbs for EIPH

Yunnan Paiyo is a blend of herbs which has long been used as a hemostatic and blood coagulating agent in both human and veterinary medicine. Clinical studies have shown Yunnan Paiyo to speed blood clotting and reduce inflammatory response.

 Giant puffball is another herb (mushroom) known to have hemostatic effects and is particularly beneficial for oral or nasal bleeding. Urn orchid (bletilla striata) reduces swelling, decreases bleeding, and promotes new tissue formation. This herb is often used to treat chronic cough, tuberculosis, and bronchitis.

 EIPH should never be taken lightly, and veterinary management is recommended. However, Chinese herbs can offer support for normal and healthy lung function in horses. Please consult your veterinarian before using any treatment for EIPH.

Sources

 Lung Bleeding (EIPH) in Horses—It’s Not Only Racehorses!

EIPH: Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage

The Many Uses of Yunnan Baiyao (Yunnan Paiyao) – An Essential Part of Chinese Emergency Medicine

Chinese Herbs Healing

The efficacy of Yunnan Baiyao on haemostasis and antiulcer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Deworming Puppies: What To Expect

Deworming Puppies: What To Expect

This article focuses on parasites and puppies. Puppies are immature dogs, and the word “puppy” describes dogs from birth to sexual maturity, which is around 4 to 6 months of age. It varies depending on the breed. You may have heard the term “deworm” which is, basically, treating for parasites using drugs called anthelmintics. Given the term deworm, people seem to mainly think about worms, but a couple of other categories of parasites are worth mentioning.

Common Parasites That Affect Puppies

There are five main groups of parasites that commonly infect puppies:

  • Ascarids (roundworms)
  • Nematodes (hookworms, heartworms, whipworms)
  • Cestodes (tapeworms)
  • Coccidia (IsosporaCryptosporidium)
  • Protozoa (Toxoplasma and Giardia)

Only a few of these parasites can be easily seen: tapeworms, whipworms and roundworms. The rest are microscopic, and they are identified in body fluids, primarily in the feces. So, if your puppy has diarrhea but you don’t see any “worms” that doesn’t mean parasites are not the cause! The most important being roundworms, hookworms, coccidia and tapeworms.

What Parasites Are Most Common In Puppies?

While parasites can infect dogs at any life stage, puppies are a concern because they don’t have a mature immune system, they don’t have a lot of fat stores to use for energy and they have higher fluid intake demands than adults. Because most of the common parasites cause inappetance, diarrhea and vomiting, loss of fluid is more harmful to puppies than adult dogs. Some parasites are spread to puppies through their mother via the placenta or through mother’s milk — roundworms are a key example of this. The following table gives you an idea of how common these parasites are:

Common parasites

So, in puppies, the greatest concern is infection with roundworms and hookworms because they are very common and cause serious illness. Tapeworms and whipworms, while sometimes found as frequently or more often, don’t cause as serious of disease in puppies.

Symptoms And More Of Specific Parasites

Diagnosis Of Worms And Other Parasites In Puppies

Some puppy parasites are large enough to see and can be found in the feces or on the areas around the anus. I would say the most common is the tapeworm. Tapeworms are made up of segments (proglottids) where their eggs are contained. They shed these segments in the stool, and many puppy owners see these segments in the stool, on their puppy’s fur or on the ground. They look like small maggots or cooked rice grains that move — YUCK!

Even if you see parasites in your puppy’s stool, a veterinarian should still examine him to determine exactly what is infecting your puppy. Choosing the treatment, knowing if the parasite is a danger to you, other pets or your family, and the need for environmental/home cleaning all depend on the type of parasite causing the infection.

Have you ever been asked by your veterinarian to “bring in a stool sample”? Well, that’s what we examine to search for parasite eggs and microscopic parasites. This is the most common method to diagnose roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and coccidia. Other parasites, namely whipworms and Toxoplasma, don’t shed their eggs routinely in the stool. There are other tests of the blood and serum for those parasites whose eggs are not readily found in feces; these are mostly used for Giardia.

Treating Worms And Other Parasites In Puppies

Many treatments are available for control of parasitic infections, and these come in many formulations: pills, chewable dog treats, liquid, granules added to dog food, pastes and injections. The benzimidazoles are most popular and include drugs like fenbendazole, mebendazole and albendazole. This class of anthelmintics (anti-parasite drugs) are used to treat roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms and whipworms. A typical treatment protocol would be to give the product for one to three days and then repeat the dosing in two to three weeks. The repeat dosing is used to kill the parasites that were not adults (eggs, larvae) during the first treatment but have now “grown up.” Most life cycles of puppy parasites are around three weeks long.

ther parasite treatments include praziquantel, used for flukes and tapeworms; pyrantel pamoate for roundworms and other nematodes; and macrocyclic lactones like ivermectin and milbemycin found in heartworm preventives. So, by using most monthly heartworm preventives, you can also treat for intestinal parasites.

Side Effects Of Deworming Puppies

For the most part, the major classes of anti-parasite drugs (avermectins/benzimadizoles) have a very high margin of safety, meaning that giving too much will rarely cause problems. That being said, always follow your veterinarian’s recommendations for deworming.

Puppies with a large number of parasites (high worm burden) may become ill after treatment. Imagine all of the parasites in the intestines all dying at once, the lining of the intestines become inflamed, causing diarrhea, vomiting and lack of appetite. This is usually a self-limiting problem, and puppies are back to normal within a day or so.

Use of heartworm preventive in higher doses (ivermectin) is very effective against most parasites; however, some breeds cannot tolerate the higher dose. This relates to a mutation in a gene called MDR-1, which codes for proteins that protect the brain (blood-brain barrier). When dogs with MDR-1 mutation get drugs like ivermectin, opiates (morphine-like painkillers) and chemotherapy, they can have serious problems like lapsing into a coma, tremors and death.

Prevention: Puppy Worming Schedule And The Environment

Using many of the same drugs for treating parasitic infections will also prevent them. Current recommendations from the CDC and the American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists are to provide deworming medications against roundworms and hookworms at 2 weeks of age, repeating the dewormer every 2 weeks until the pups are 2 months old. Ideally, treat monthly from 2 months to 6 months of age to eliminate different developing stages of the intestinal parasites. Puppies should be dewormed using the above protocol despite fecal exam results.

Puppies may have prepatent infections with minimal to no parasite eggs being shed in their feces.

Pregnant dogs should also be treated to try to prevent transplacental infection to the fetal pups and to prevent transmission through nursing. Your veterinarian will provide a plan for you, because there are a few regimens available. Housing conditions and location are important factors related to parasitic infection. Puppies housed together, with frequent exposure to new dogs and puppies, are more likely to become infected. Unclean conditions, exposure to other animals’ feces, and transmission from other creatures — like fleas, mosquitoes and cockroaches — increase the chance of infection, too.

Natural Dewormers

As with any medical product, there are persons who search for more “natural” ingredients. The problem is that there is little scientific data proving or disproving their effectiveness. Many products have multiple ingredients like sage leaf, fennel seed and papaya leaf. Although individual ingredients can have some degree of anti-parasite activity, the exact dose and combination needed to kill and prevent parasites is largely unknown to the scientific community.

Some naturalistic and holistic health care providers recommend products like diatomaceous earth and garlic to prevent parasites from infecting the GI tract. I could find little peer-reviewed, scientific information on whether that combination truly is effective in puppies. However, there was one paper in the journal Veterinary Parasitology that stated garlic and papaya do not control parasites in goats and lambs.

In my opinion, because the more modern dewormers (fenbendazole, praziquantel, pyrantel) are so safe, proven and relatively inexpensive, there is no need to experiment with herbs and plants on your puppy to treat his or her worms.

Puppy Parasite Danger To Humans

Not only do many of these parasites cause illness in puppies, but some can infect people and other species like cats. Contagious agents that infect multiple species and spread from animals to humans are called “zoonotic.” Hookworms and roundworms can invade broken skin, causing “larva migrans,” which are parasites that migrate through an unsuitable host. Parasites need their hosts to not only get food, but also to complete their life cycle and reproduce.

When puppy parasites like hookworms, roundworms and Toxoplasma infect people, those parasites cannot complete their life cycle. However, they will cause problems! For example, say you are playing catch in the dog park and bend down to tie your shoelace. Then you wipe your brow, unsuspectingly infecting your eye with a dog roundworm. Well, that worm can cause ocular larva migrans. It will actually grow and move around inside your eye, and could cause blindness. Visceral migrans occurs when roundworms migrate through the inside of the abdomen, causing damage to internal organs. Canine roundworms are the leading cause of visceral and ocular larva migrans. Hookworms cause cutaneous larva migrans; they penetrate the skin and live under the surface, creating red, irritated marks. I tell my kids that they are never to run around a sandbox or playground without their shoes on because stray dogs and cats frequent those areas to find food from trash bins. It’s likely that they’ll also urinate and defecate in those same areas, infecting the ground with parasites.

If you have children, then you’ve probably heard about toxoplasmosis, which is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, a very common parasite found in cats. Toxoplasmosis can cause birth defects and death of the fetus, in dogs and in humans. This protozoan needs a feline host and most cats never become ill from it. They shed Toxoplasma oocysts in their feces. This parasite is not a major problem for puppies.

Coccidia and Giardia are also zoonotic and many dogs will have a few of these parasites but not have illness associated with them. Some experts believe that all dogs have coccidia and Giardia as commensal organisms, like the bacteria that live in your mouth. Most recommend only treating for these parasites if symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea and such are present.

Cryptosporidium is a major problem in cows and other ruminants. Dogs are rarely affected, but puppies and dogs with compromised immune systems can get sick, typically with vomiting and diarrhea. Luckily the strain that infects cows and people rarely is found in puppies. That strain led to a major outbreak of illness in Milwaukee back in 1993. It was the largest waterborne outbreak of disease in U.S. history!

In The Know About Parasites In Puppies

I hope that you now have plenty of information about parasites affecting puppies. Remember, all puppies should be treated from 2 weeks of age to 8 weeks of age, minimum. Products like fenbendazole are very safe and effective. Many parasites that your puppy may have can infect you and your family, like roundworms and hookworms. Please speak to your family veterinarian about parasite control and stay away from “Dr. Google,” where you’ll find thousands of testimonials on how a homemade brew of herbs and such cured a puppy’s whipworm infection.

CBD Oil For Weight Loss

CBD, or cannabidiol, is best known for decreasing anxiety and stress, improving sleep, and reducing chronic pain. But recent research shows there may be a link between CBD oil and weight loss.

Best flavored CBD oils for weight loss

Charlotte’s Web CBD Oil, 17 mg/mL

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How to use: Take 2 full droppers (1 milliliter, or mL) up to 2 times per day.

A regular exercise routine is a significant part of losing weight. To keep the momentum going, you may need help with recovery. In addition to relieving stress and improving focus, CBD oil may help you recover from exercise-induced inflammation, helping you return to physical activity.

With 17 milligrams (mg) of plant-based CBD per 1-mL serving, this gluten-free, non-GMO oil also contains a variety of beneficial compounds, including phytocannabinoids, terpenesflavonoids, and essential fatty acids.

Choose from lemon twist, organic blossom, olive oil, and mint chocolate flavors, and opt for a 30-mL or 100-mL bottle. Charlotte’s Web is a little on the pricey side, but they do offer a 30-day satisfaction guarantee.