Founder In Horses

What is Founder?:

Founder occurs due to the lack of blood flow in the laminae which produces inflammation in the hoof. As time goes by, the cells of the laminae are damaged due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients that are found in the blood. If the problem is not treated in the early stages of founder, the laminae will start to die and cause more problems along with pain. When the laminae die, the coffin bone can no longer support the weight of the horse. Sometimes the coffin bone can protrude through the sole, resulting in a possible irreversible case of lameness and excruciating pain.

Founder (aka laminitis) in horses is a very serious condition of the foot caused by the coffin bone rotating and pointing towards the horse’s sole. This is extremely painful and in some instances it may be necessary to euthanize the horse.


The Symptoms of Founder in Horses:

Founder can happen in any of hoof, but most often it happens in the front. Some of the most common signs and symptons of founder are:

  1. Sudden lameness
  2. Reluctance to walk or move
  3. Laying down more often
  4. Pulse felt in the foot Alternating weight from leg to leg Does not want to lift, bend, or raise a leg
  5. Warm/hot hoof
  6. Obvious pain when standing or moving
  7. Standing with front legs out in front of their body
  8. Movement or rotation of coffin bone
  9. Standing with both front and rear legs under their body

Types Of Founder:

  1. Acute founder is the sudden breakdown of the attachment between the hoof and the laminae (coffin bone)
  2. Chronic founder is the continuation of acute laminitis past the 72 hourmark
  3. Support-limb founder happens to the healthy hoof that must bear the weight of an injured hoof

The Causes of Founder:

  1. Feeding your horse large amounts of soluble carbohydrates could cause an overload of undigested sugars and starches
  2. High fever or illness that causes equine metabolic syndrome (EMS)
  3. Severe cases of colic such as stress from travelling, foaling, or changes in the horses environment
  4. Infections such as a severe bacterial infection can cause blood poisoning (toxemia) and founder
  5. Working too hard or fast for a long period of time
  6. Cushing’s disease is a pituitary gland disease that causes increased hunger, thirst, sweating, and weight loss… and possibly founder.

Diagnosis of Founder:

Be prepared to tell your veterinarian your horse’s medical history along with their vaccination history. This will give your vet a head start prior to a comprehensive physical and lameness examination which includes palpation of certain areas for pain, heat, and inflammation. A static flexion will also be done to check out the range of motion. The veterinarian will ask you to trot your horse off to observe the horse in motion. A hoof tester  is used next to put pressure on certain areas of the foot to find the exact location. In addition, the veterinarian will need to get x-rays of the hoof to check the alignment of the coffin bone and may also do an ultrasound as well for a more detailed view.

Treatment of Founder in Horses Treatment of founder depends on the cause. The underlying problem must be treated at the same time to ensure success.

Medications To Be Used:

Your veterinarian will first administer a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to relieve inflammation and pain. A thyroid supplement will be given only if your horse is found to have Cushing’s disease. Heel wedge Cuffs, heart bar shoes or foam supports can be used for support. Sole putty can be used from the heels to the tip of the frog to provide support to the frog.

Cold Therapy– A MUST:

The number one way to administer cold therapy is by immersing your horse’s hoof in ice water on and off for at least three full days. Twenty minutes in ice, then thirty minutes out and keep repeating.  You will have to consistently replace the ice to keep the water temperature below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.


Absolute Stall Rest:

Keep your horse in a quiet stall with enough bedding to support the frog. Your veterinarian will most likely suggest this for at least one week to one month.

Surgery Options:

There are few options for surgery such are a hoof wall resection or deep digital flexor tenotomy.

Recovery of Foundered Horses:

The prognosis for a foundered horse is guarded. While some horses may be able to withstand the treatment or even heal on their own, others may never come sound and be in constant pain and therefore may need to be euthanized.

cbd and horses

Horse And CBD

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are found in cannabis and hemp. They match and map to endocannabinoids in the ECS (Endocannabinoid System) found in all mammals. These systems are not identical across each species, but they do function in much the same way.

Phytocannabinoids trigger an entire inventory of medical therapeutic applications. THC is the best known of all of these elements, but it’s the one that produces the psychoactive effects that placed it on the FDA’s Schedule 1 of drugs. Hemp, on the other hand, has less than .3% THC, and more importantly, Hemp-extracted CBD-oil is legal in all 50 states.

The ECS is common to mammals. It involves their brains, nervous systems, organs and immune systems in many extensive and complex ways. The prescription medications used to treat medical conditions must be processed by the horse’s physiology, but cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids are simply assimilated.

Cannabinoids and their effects on animals:

An extremely extensive study done in 1999 about Cannabinoids and Animal Physiology concluded with the following highlights:

“Cannabinoids likely have a natural role in pain modulation, control of movement, and memory.

The natural role of cannabinoids in immune systems is likely multi-faceted and remains unclear.

The brain develops tolerance to cannabinoids.

Animal research has demonstrated the potential for dependence, but this potential is observed under a narrower range of conditions than with benzodiazepines, opiates, cocaine, or nicotine.

Withdrawal symptoms can be observed in animals but appear mild compared with those of withdrawal from opiates or benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium).”

The research has been focused on the reaction of lab animals, but there are fundamental commonalities in the physiology of lab animals, domestic pets and livestock.

Cannabinoids and their effects on horses:

Horses constantly live in a state of “fight or flight.” They have instinctive fears of falling or tripping. Having no ability to see behind them, they worry about what’s going on behind them… and if you have been around horses enough, you realize they really would prefer to run wild.

In addition to their anxiety and stress, horses are subject to a large amount of medical problems: arthritis, herd bound issues, muscle soreness, chronic laminitis, stall rest, trailering stress and much more.

Equine Arthritis: Aging horses develop Degenerative Joint Disease (DID) along with Traumatic Joint Disease – that appears as pain, swollen joints, and stiffness.

Chronic Laminitis: According to the American Association of Equine Practitioners -Laminitis results from the disruption of blood flow to the sensitive and insensitive laminae. These laminae structures within the foot secure the coffin bone to the hoof wall. Inflammation often permanently weakens the laminae and interferes with the wall-bone bond. In very severe cases, the hoof wall and bone can separate. Among other causes, laminitis relates to aging, digestive issues, and severe colic.

Herd Bound Issues: Horses are prey animals that find comfort in membership in a herd with other horses. They are social in their fear, so they suffer anxiety when separated from the horse social circle.

Muscle Soreness: Horses suffer muscle pain and strain, especially after exercise. It is usually relieved with physiotherapy and rest. Riders and owners are often unaware of the pain horses feel around the saddle area and in their legs following an active ride.

Stall Rest: Equiresearch explains, “Weeks of cooped-up idleness can make your horse aggressive, anxious, or dull, and can even interfere with his healing unless you anticipate and counteract the effects of confinement.”

Trailering Stress: Horses, for the most part, are claustrophobic.  As a prey animal, they instinctively prefer wide open spaces. Tight, mobile areas stress them because they restrict an escape route and even the room to turn around. In addition to that, horses have long memories of uncomfortable and unstable rides from their past.

CBD (cannabidiol) has proven beneficial effects for all these conditions and more. In horses and other mammals, CBD-rich extracts can help to treat:

  • Anxiety
  • Inflammation
  • Chronic Pain
  • Separation Anxiety/ Generalized Anxiety
  • Digestion and Appetite
  • Arthritis
  • Nausea
  • Seizures

The values in CBD Oil:

CBD is the non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis sativa plant and hemp. CBD oil is an extract that does NOT include the psychoactive THC.  Equine researchers and veterinarians have become very interested in the health benefits following the administration of full-spectrum CBD oil.

Full-spectrum CBD oil for horses will act as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiolytic, anticonvulsant antiemetic, and anti-tumoral therapy.  It produces no negative side effects and it can be administered orally.

Due to its strictly natural origin and production, the FEI and U.S. Equestrian Federation (USEF) do not list it as a prohibited supplement in competition rules (although you may want to double check the regulations at your local competition).

At its core, CBD oil treats a broad spectrum of anxiety related issues in horses, thoroughbreds, quarter horses and also pets.

TAGS: cannabidiol / Cannabinoids / CBD / CBD Oil / Chronic Laminitis / Equine Arthritis / Laminitis / Phytocannabinoids / THC / Trailering Stress



What it is:

A soft matte, longwear foundation with buildable medium-to-full coverage, in a range of 40 shades.

What it does:

Finally, the ultimate photo filter in foundation form. Born in 40 boundary-breaking shades, Pro Filt’r Soft Matte Longwear Foundation gives skin an instantly smooth, pore-diffused, shine-free finish that easily builds to your ideal coverage. The oil-free formula is made with climate-adaptive technology that’s resistant to sweat and humidity, and won’t clog pores so that wherever you are, it’s going to work on your skin. Best of all, this longwearing, light-as-air texture is undetectable on skin—so you always look like you.

* Unless otherwise stated and to the fullest extent permissible by law, Sephora disclaims all warranties, representations and conditions (whether express or implied) as to the veracity, accuracy, completeness, currency or any other aspects of any product claims or descriptions on this website which have been provided by to us by third parties (e.g. the relevant brand owners or customers reviews). Sephora has not independently verified such product claims or descriptions. Customers and users who wish to rely upon such product claims, descriptions or customer reviews should consult directly with such third parties.


  • Be sure to moisturize skin before foundation application, especially if your skin is dry.
  • After moisturising, prep skin with Pro Filt’r Instant Retouch Primer first for best results.
  • For medium coverage, apply 1 pump of Pro Filt’r Foundation to the back of your hand. Using a damp Precision Makeup Sponge, begin applying the product at the center of your face, or wherever coverage is desired, pressing foundation into skin and blending outward.
  • For full coverage, apply 1-2 pumps of Pro Filt’r Foundation on the back of your hand. Using the Full-Bodied Foundation Brush 110, dot product onto the center of your face and blend outward.

Rihanna’s Way: For the ultimate pore coverage, press brush into skin, roll off, and repeat.

Hydrogel Butt Injections

Hydrogel Butt Injections


In the search for the perfect tush, hydrogel injections have gotten a lot of media coverage lately. Though some claim that hydrogel injections are the perfect quick, minimally-invasive solution for those lacking in the booty area, others warn that hydrogel isn’t the best choice for scoring a rounder rump. At best, it’s a temporary solution; at worst, hydrogel injections in your butt could lead to a rear that ends up looking saggier than before. These facts will help you separate truth from fiction and make the best choice you can for your own body.

 Hydrogel Butt Injections


High-quality hydrogel costs around $500 per cc of gel. Most butt injections take at least 500 cc’s of material. That means that your average hydrogel butt job would cost upwards of $1 million.


“Backdoor butt jobs” often use gels that aren’t safe for injection and result in unpredictable, inconsistent results, as well as infection, swelling, and other problems. Those who provide cheap butt lifts are operating illegally and unsafely, and you’re not likely to be happy with the results.


Though many have been claiming this lately, hydrogel injections are FDA approved for cosmetic surgery–but they are typically used in facial procedures like lip or cheek injections. Juvederm© and Restylane© are a couple of the most popular options.


Fat transfer involves harvesting your own fat through liposuction, processing it, and reinjecting it into your buttocks to get the shape you want. Fat transfer procedures last longer and are typically received much better than gels, if only because they use cells from your own body; the risk of hematoma, swelling, and other problems is much lower. Hydrogels are synthetic compounds that your body may or may not respond to.


Anyone who’s unwilling to provide their credentials is probably not qualified to perform the procedure safely, like this person (ABC News) who was arrested a few years ago. Ask critical questions and look for documentation, and if your provider can’t provide it, hit the high road–you don’t want to trust your booty’s looks to them.

Hydrogel Butt Injections

Hydrogel Butt Injections


There are far safer, more effective ways to build a better butt than don’t require injections or high-cost, risky procedures. A combination of diet and exercise and the use of butt enhancement pills and supplements is often all you need to get a perkier, curvier butt in a few months–no invasive procedures necessary.


Fat transfer last significantly longer and may even be permanent, but hydrogel injections are notoriously temporary (ask discussed on, no matter where they’re administered.


Look up hydrogel butt injection kits online, and you’ll find options you can inject yourself–but those options contain questionable materials and results will be far less than reliable.


Butt creams, applied topically twice a day, work to plump up your body’s own fat cells rather than adding silicone or other injectables under the skin. It’ll take a few months to see results, but those results are permanent–and achieved safely. Butt creams also make your skin look healthier and firmer.

Hydrogel Butt Injections


Getting the booty you’ve always dreamed of is sometimes as simple as popping a pill. Butt enhancement supplements are totally safe and work by boosting your body’s estrogen levels, which causes fat retention in the butt and hip area, the places women naturally tend to retain more fat. That means a rounder, curvier butt with no needles needed!



Hydrogel Butt Injections UK

Hydrogel injections are suddenly getting a lot of hype. But are Hydrogel Injections Legal? You see ads for the HGel kits that you can purchase online and injection procedures that are touted on Facebook, Twitter, craigslist and in other venues.

Many people are trying them out to get a bigger butt without doing the work of exercise and proper diet. But, are these things even legal? And, more importantly, are they safe? Read on to learn about this procedure and the reasons you should avoid it.

Hydrogel Butt Injections UK



Hydrogel is liquid silicone. This is the same thing that is in silicone breast implants. However, instead of being encased in an implant, the liquid is injected directly into your butt. Direct injections can lead to infections, allergic reactions and worse.

If liquid silicone doesn’t sound dangerous enough, there are people doing butt injections using even scarier materials. In one Miami case, the practitioner, a nurse, was using a toxic cocktail of super glue, silicone, rubber cement and Fix-a-Flat.


In a word, no. The FDA has not approved Hydrogel injections because of the safety issues involved. The only approved medical use of injectable liquid silicone is for holding on detached retinas. If you see someone advertising that they are licensed to do the procedure, they are lying. While some doctors have used it off label as a cosmetic filler, the procedure is highly criticized.

Liquid silicone is not well tolerated by many people, and can cause serious reactions. In many cases, it leads to swelling, inflammation and distortions in the area where it is injected. In some severe cases, injections can result in death.

Hydrogel Butt Injections UK

A number of people who have performed Hydrogel butt injections have been arrested for it. Many are charged with practicing medicine without a license. In others, they have seriously injured or even killed their clients and are then tried for manslaughter.


Hydrogel Butt Injections UK

crazy doctor doing a butt injection

Over the summer, a doctor who was providing Hydrogelinjections off the books was arrested after a patient died. In many cases, however, the people doing the injections have no medical training whatsoever. Last year in Texas, two women were arrested for running an illegal butt injection service and leaving one client dead from a negative reaction.

The women turned out to have no medical credentials and long criminal histories that included robbery, prostitution and assault. In their arrest affidavit, a past client described a butt injection procedure that was performed in the back room of a business.

There was no sterilization, and the syringes used for the injection were refilled over and over without being removed. The patient was given cotton balls and super glue to close the wound.


The only process approved by the FDA is the Brazilian Butt Lift. In this procedure, fat from other parts of your body is extracted using liposuction. Then, it is put back in through a booty injection. The procedure is available from licensed plastic surgeons and can cost $5000 or more. It can be done under local or general anesthesia. Soreness and bruising usually last around three weeks.

The promised quick results and the relative affordability of Hydrogel have swayed many people toward the procedure. But, the risks and illegality make it a bad idea for anyone who values their health and safety. We recommend giving this one a pass.